Task: run own self-hosted messenger with domain authorization and encryption.
Nulla: cloud solutions such Slack or Teams are not the option. Three reasons why: not secure, expensive, required high-speed internet and modern hardware.
Unus: domain logins — there are names in Cyrillic, so jabber applications such as Openfire won't work because they can't process UNICODE logins.
Duo: several domains in a company that used simultaneously. Transparent authorization for users to avoid entering logins and passwords. Deploying MSI via GPO and ready to work.
Tres: users with Android devices, and they must connect at the same time with domain logins via the internet and encryption for security measures. PUSH notifications should work too.
We do not specify how much time is wasted when searching for such a messenger because it is not an easy task. A real project with a long development history required. We must understand that a serious corporate software is more about support, fixes, solving user's problems, and not about "cloud-based", "future development", "blockchain innovation", etc.
Total time for a launch is 15 minutes. Let's go.
- Downloading and installing the server
- Importing users from a domain
- Deploying MSI package
- Enabling transparent authorization
- Port mapping on the router for connecting people over the internet
- Domain login on Android smartphone
- Multilogin and phone binding
1. Downloading and installing the server
00:00 Download a distribution file on the official website, we need the Windows server only for now.
01:00 Launch the installer, everything goes smoothly. Install the server by default; any OS starting from Windows 7 is suitable, the server or desktop x86/x64 one — it does not matter. System requirements are not high. MyChat perfectly works on an ancient hardware.
When starting, the installer asks for UAC privileges, because the installation performed in Program Files. The distribution file has a digital signature, we are good.
During installation process, the program asks for an administrator's email and company name, where it would work:
Email is written to the server's admin profile, and the company name will be displayed in the chat later.
Do not check the box with Windows Autorun:
Jumping ahead, this action is for running the server as a service. For now, let's train to work with GUI application.
03:00 Run MyChat Server:
Permission granted. Two similar requests will be displayed for the built-in NodeJS WEB server and TURN server for calls.
The server is working:
03:10 Press the button "Administration" and enter the Admin Panel:
While doing this, remembering Openfire developers who could make this process easier, avoiding searching on forums to find out what is the admin's login and password :)
The system warns us to change the login/password for the administrator and let us to the Admin Panel:
The Admin Panel works fast and responsive on management commands.
All navigation is made via a tree-like menu that expands when choosing the root element. A lot features divided into sections + built-in help page that opens in a browser when pressing F1. There are a lot of helpful information strongly recommended for reading :)
2. Importing users from a domain
04:30 Enter the section for importing users from a domain:
It's simple. Specify a domain controller host and any user with a password and permission to connect to the domain. It is not always the admin.
Connection performed via LDAP, uploading users, their photos, and company structure if everything is correct in Organizational Units in the domain tree. If not, upload users using the import filter to choose those users you need:
Press the button "Connect", and then "Import". That's it, account with additional fields (emails, work positions, phones) imported.
3. Deploying MSI package
There is an interesting nuance regarding client application installation. What is better — MSI package or regular EXE installer. Someone can argue, telling that scripts are the best for automatic application deployment, and MSI is the solution "out of the box" approved by
its majesty Microsoft.
It's true. But when you installing MyChat Client by EXE installer, it is by default offers you to install the application to the Windows user's profile. And MSI package installed to the Program Files only.
Because when you install an update via GPO, users have to logoff/logon to apply the policy and complete updating the messenger. And if the application installed in C:\Users\%USERNAME%\AppData\Local\MyChat Client\, the update performed directly from your server. It is very convenient and quick. No UAC elevated privileged needed.
It's up to you which option is better. Here is the Help page regarding application automatic installation (installer's key).
4. Enabling transparent authorization
08:00 "Two as one". Firstly, the client application must know that it has to use transparent authorization. Authorization types can be "mixed" on the server.
Secondly, the application must know where to connect: is this a host or MyChat Server's IP?
To configure it, apply the following REG file via Group Policy:
"Domain" = "Domain_name"
"IP" = "IP_adress_MyChat_Server"
These two fields is enough. For more details you should check the official Help page (option 3).
5. Port mapping on the router for connecting users over the internet
12:00 This option is not necessarily required. If your users work only in a local network or via VPN, you do not need the configuration to forward ports on a router.
If you connect people over the internet, configure port mapping on the router.
Her is the list of ports specified in the Help (highlighted by green color).
For those, who read these words for the first time, here is the deal: there is an external ("white") IP address available over the internet and given by your company provider. This address applied to the router that shares the internet in the office.
People connect to this address over the internet.
Router is configured in such a way that all the connections it receives on its address via specified ports (TCP 2004, 443, 8888), redirects to the local network on IP address where MyChat Server works (e.g, 192.168.10.100).
If it's completely new for you, ask a specialist to configure everything. It takes a few minutes with no magic.
After you completed everything, check it on Admin Panel.
Now you know everything :)
6. Domain login on Android smartphone
15:00 Nothing is complicated here. Download the application on Google Play, launch it, add your server, specify user's login with a domain and password.
No transparent authorization, unfortunately. But this is actually logical. This is a smartphone and not a Windows computer, authorized in a domain.
When connecting to the server, the Android application transfers a user's login and password via an encrypted channel on MyChat Server that checks via LDAP if login is allowed. If everything is good you enter the chat. After the first successful login, a user is able to enter the chat automatically.
Important! To make PUSH notifications work, your MyChat Server must have an internet connection and access to mychat-server.com via TCP port 52020. If access is not granted, make a rule in a firewall for outgoing traffic.
7. Multilogin and phone binding
Almost all messengers have a necessary phone binding. In other words, a smartphone first, then a desktop or laptop. For example, you can run Telegram on smartphone and computer. Messages displayed on both devices automatically synchronizing.
Different case with WhatsApp. First, only a smartphone, then desktop.
But if you have no extra smartphone, or you do not want connect your phone number — most messengers won't meet your expectations. Telegram, Viber, Line, Skype, WhatsApp — all of them require phone number.
Another thing with MChat. If you do not want use a phone number, use your nickname, email, domain login, or UIN.
No limitations for concurrent conenctions on different devices as soon as the number of licenses is enough.
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